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Useful Tropical Plants

Tetrapleura tetraptera

(Schumach.) Taub.

Fabaceae

+ Synonyms

Adenanthera tetraptera Schumach. & Thonn.

Tetrapleura thonningii Benth.

Common Name: Aidan Tree

Tetrapleura tetraptera
Ripe seedpod and leaves
Photograph by: G. Walters
Creative Commons License
Tetrapleura tetraptera Tetrapleura tetraptera Tetrapleura tetraptera Tetrapleura tetraptera

General Information

Tetrapleura tetraptera is a deciduous tree growing 20 - 25 metres tall. The bole, which can be 50 - 90cm in diameter, is slender and older trees have very small, low, sharp buttresses. In the forest, the crown is fairly small, thin and rounded, becoming flat when old, but it tends to spread when in the open[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
The tree is commonly harvested from the wild for its edible fruit, medicinal applications and other commodities, all of which are used locally. The plant, especially the fruit, is often sold in local markets as a food and a medicine.

Known Hazards

The seedpod has been used as a fish poison[
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
].

Botanical References


Range

Tropical Africa - Senegal to Sudan, Uganda and Kenya, south to Angola and Tanzania.

Habitat

Forest, especially secondary forest, growing best in the rainforest. It is found throughout the high forest zone, in riverine forest, in the southern savannah-woodland and in the forest outliers in the African plains[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Properties

Edibility Rating *  *  *
Medicinal Rating *  *  *
Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitDeciduous Tree
Height20.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details

A plant of the moist tropical lowlands, where it is found at elevations up to 600 metres[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It grows best in areas where annual daytime temperatures fall within the range 25 - 30°c, but can tolerate 20 - 35°c[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. It prefers a mean annual rainfall in the range 1,700 - 3,000mm, tolerating 1,200 - 5,000mm[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].
Requires a sunny position[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Grows best in a light to medium, well-drained soil[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. Prefers a pH in the range 4.5 - 6.5, tolerating 4 - 7[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Edible Uses

Fruit - raw or cooked. The fruit pulp is rich in sugars and may be used in flavouring both sweet and savoury foods[
301
Title
Cornucopia II
Publication
 
Author
Facciola. S.
Publisher
Kampong Publications, California.
Year
1998
ISBN
0-9628087-2-5
Description
The second edition of an excellent guide to the edible uses of plants, though it does not give any details of cultivation etc.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
]. The dark, red-brown seedpods have four longitudinal ridges - two of these are woody, the other two are filled with a soft, sugary, edible pulp with a caramel-like odour[
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. The fruit is shiny, glabrous, dark purple-brown, usually slightly curved, 15 - 25cm long by about 5cm across, the 4 longitudinal, wing-like ridges nearly 3 cm broad[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
]. The seedpod is very persistent, hanging at the ends of branches on stout stalks 25cm long[
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

Medicinal

The plant is a commonly used and important medicinal herb in parts of Africa, being employed in treating a wide range of conditions. All parts of the plant are used, though the fruits are the most widely and commonly employed[
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
].

The fruit is reported to have antiarthritic, antiinflammatory and antidiabetic properties. It is used to treat cardiovascular disorders, hypertension, convulsions and epilepsy, gastro-intestinal disorders, malaria and other fevers, diabetes, asthma and chest pain, low body immunity, flu and colds, reproductive disorders, cancer of the breast and uterus, skin disorders for newly born babies, wounds and burns, back pain and general body pains and weakness, dental disorders[
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
].

The stem bark is used to treat cardiovascular disorders, gastro-intestinal disorders, malaria and other fevers, low body immunity, reproductive disorders, cancer of the breast and uterus, general body pains and weakness, dental disorders[
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
]

The leaves are used to treat convulsions and epilepsy, malaria and other fevers, reproductive disorders, general body pains and weakness[
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
].

The root bark is used to treat gastro-intestinal disorders, malaria and other fevers[
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
].

The seed is used to treat gastro-intestinal disorders, malaria and other fevers, snake bites[
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
].

The plant is used in managing schistosomiasis, a chronic parasitic disease caused by blood flukes (trematode worms)[
1616
Title
Tetrapleura tetraptera in Ghana, Nigeria and Uganda: households uses and local market
Publication
Forests, Trees and Livelihoods DOI:10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Author
Kemigisha E. et al
Website
https://doi.org/10.1080/14728028.2018.1498027
Publisher
 
Year
2018
ISBN
2164-3075
Description
 
].

Other Uses

Tannin is obtainable from the fruit pulp[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
].

The fruits and flowers are used as perfumes and in pomades prepared from palm oil[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
].

The heartwood is reddish to brown; the sapwood is white, The wood is fairly hard and heavy, of moderate durability[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
,
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
,
418
Title
Ecocrop
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Basic information on a wide range of useful plants, plus details of environmental needs where available.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
]. It is used for small furniture items, door and window frames, building poles, pestles, tool handles and carvings[
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
,
1309
Title
The Leguminosae; A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation
Publication
 
Author
Allen O.N.; Allen E.K.
Publisher
University of Wisconsin
Year
1981
ISBN
0-333-32221-5
Description
An amazing and comprehensive work, giving a brief guide to the many genera of the family Fabaceae and also the principle uses of the genus.
].
The wood is used for fuel[
364
Title
Field Guide to the Moist Forest Trees of Tanzania.
Publication
 
Author
Lovett J.C.; Ruffo C.K.; Gereau R.E.; Taplin J.R.D
Website
http://www.york.ac.uk/res/celp/webpages/projects/ecology/tree%20guide/introduction.htm
Publisher
Frontier
Year
0
ISBN
1-873070-33-0
Description
A lovely little book giving a basic identification guide to more than 650 species of trees growing in Tanzania. It is also available to view on the internet.
].

Propagation

Seed - sown in a nursery seedbed or individual containers, they usually take about 6 days to germinate[
303
Title
World Agroforesty Centre
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://www.worldagroforestry.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent online database of a huge range of trees giving very good information on each plant - its uses, ecology, identity, propagation, pests etc.
]. Pot them up into individual containers when they are about five weeks old. They can then be planted out about 3 weeks later[
618
Title
Manual for the Propagation and Cultivation of Medicinal Plants of Ghana.
Publication
 
Author
Amponsah K., Crensil O’R., Odamtten G.T., Ofusohene-Djan W.
Publisher
Aburi Botanic Garden; Ghana.
Year
2002
ISBN
 
Description
A nice, concise guide, it details some of the medicinal uses of plants from Ghana. Available as a PDF file on the Internet.
]..
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-06-24. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Tetrapleura+tetraptera>

Comments

dominic 12th January 2016 7:03
any more use of the aidan fruit? how does it help with controlling blood pressure

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