Lycopersicon commutatum (Spreng.) Roem. & Schult.
Lycopersicon dentatum Dunal
Lycopersicon peruvianum (L.) Mill.
Lycopersicon regulare Dunal
Solanum commutatum Spreng.
Illustration of the leaves, flowers and fruit
Photograph by: Flora depicta aut plantarum selectarum icones ad naturan delineatae ab Andr. Frid. Happe, botanico et rer. natur. pictore, 1791
Solanum peruvianum is a spreading to erect herbaceous perennial to small shrub that becomes woody at the base[
]. It grows up to 50cm tall[
The edible fruit is gathered from the wild and consumed locally.
All green parts of the plant are poisonous[
Although providing many well-known foods for people, including the potato, tomato, pepper and aubergine, most plants in the family Solanaceae also contain poisonous alkaloids. Unless there are specific entries with information on edible uses, it would be unwise to ingest any part of this plant[
Western S. America - northern Chile to central Peru.
Western slopes of the Andes; at elevations below 2,900 metres[
]. In lomas formations and occasionally in coastal deserts, occasionally occurring as a weed at field edges in coastal river valleys, at elevations from sea level up to 600 metres[
Solanum peruvianum is native to subtropical and tropical zones of the Andes of northern Chile and central Peru, growing at elevations up to 2,900 metres. Plants are not frost-hardy, but can be grown as an annual in warmer regions of the temperate zone.
Requires a rich well-drained soil in a sunny position.
The plant can flower and fruit all year round[
This species does not hybridize with Solanum lycopersicon[
Fruit - raw or cooked[
]. The fruit is green and hairy but has a sweet tomato-like flavour[
]. The fruit is about 7mm in diameter[
]. The fruit is 10 - 15mm in diameter[
Seed - sow in situ
The seedcoat may carry tomato mosaic virus. However, by sowing the seed 15mm deep the seedcoat will remain below the soil surface when the seed germinates and the disease will be inactivated[
If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here.