Diasperus casticum (P.Willemet) Kuntze
Diasperus decipiens (Baill.) Kuntze
Diasperus fasciculatus (Poir.) Kuntze
Kirganelia boiviniana Baill.
Kirganelia decipiens Baill.
Kirganelia elegans Juss. ex Spreng.
Kirganelia glaucescens Baill.
Kirganelia mauritiana Dum.Cours.
Kirganelia phyllanthoides Desf. ex A.Juss.
Kirganelia timorensis Decne.
Kirganelia trilocularis Baill.
Kirganelia virginea J.F.Gmel.
Phyllanthus angavensis Leandri
Phyllanthus boivinianus (Baill.) Voeltzk.
Phyllanthus decipiens (Baill.) Müll.Arg.
Phyllanthus fasciculatus Poir.
Phyllanthus kirganelia Willd.
Phyllanthus mocquerysianus A.DC.
Phyllanthus schimperianus Hemsl.
Phyllanthus timoriensis Müll.Arg.
Phyllanthus virgineus Pers.
Phyllanthus casticum is a shrub or small tree that can grow up to 5 metres tall. The bole can be up to 15cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for localuse as a fod, medicine and source of materials.
Africa - Madagascar, Réunion, Comoros.
Dry deciduous savannah and on sandy soils, also along roads, at elevations from sea-level up to 1,600 metres[
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A decoction of the branches and leaves is taken as a refreshing drink[
The fruits are edible and have a sour taste; they are also slightly antipyretic[
]. They are used to make an alcoholic drink of inferior quality[
]. The red to black fruit is a fleshy, globose berry 6 - 9mm in diameter, containing six seeds[
In the traditional medicine of the islands of the Indian Ocean a twig, stem bark or powdered wood decoction is considered astringent and taken to treat severe diarrhoea, dysentery, amoebic dysentery, colic, ulcers and infections of the urogenital tract[
Powdered bark and the pulp of the fresh branches or crushed young leaves are applied as a poultice to treat wounds, abscesses, eczema and syphilitic ulcers[
A twig decoction is gargled to treat a sore throat, toothache and infections in the mouth[
A leaf decoction is drunk to treat asthma and malaria[
A leaf decoction is used to massage swollen limbs[
A plant infusion is taken to induce menstruation in cases of irregular menstruation as well as for treatment of haemorrhoids and gastric ulcers[
A root decoction is taken to treat tiredness after severe diarrhoea, to improve endurance during hard, physical work, and also to treat nervous depressions and impotence[
The crushed roots are applied as a poultice to furuncles and abscesses[
]. Root powder is applied to the forehead of children suffering from dizziness and fainting[
The bark contains proanthocyanidol, saponosides and traces of terpenes[
The leaves contain polyphenols, flavonoids, proanthocyanidol, steroids, 2-deoxysugars, phyllanthin, hypophyllanthin and traces of alkaloids[
The flavonoids quercetin-3-O-β-D-glucopyranosyl(1–4)-α-L-rhamnopyranoside and 3,5,7,4’-tetrahydroxyflavone were isolated from the aerial parts[
The roots contain the alkaloids securinine and allosecurinine[
The leaves are sometimes used for dyeing basketry and cloth, but the colours are not stable[
The twigs are used as disinfecting toothbrushes[
The flexible branches are used in wickerwork and fishing nets[
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