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Useful Tropical Plants

Glochidion velutinum

Wight

Phyllanthaceae


This species may be transferred to the genus Phyllanthus. A paper by Warren L. Wagner and David H. Lorence ‘A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion’ PhytoKeys 4:67-94 (2011)[
858
Title
A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion.
Publication
PhytoKeys 4:67-94 (2011)
Author
Wagner W.L.; Lorence D.H.
Website
http://www.phytokeys.com
Publisher
PhytoKeys
Year
2011
ISBN
1314-2003
Description
A proposed revision of the genus Phyllanthus, enlarging the genus by transferring the genera Breynia, Glochidion, Reverchonia, Phyllanthodendron, and Sauropus to it. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
], has proposed submerging the genera Breynia, Glochidion, Reverchonia, Phyllanthodendron, and Sauropus into a broadened concept of the genus Phyllanthus. This proposal has not yet (2014) been fully accepted, although the ‘World Checklist of Selected Plant Families’ has accepted the name changes of the Pacific Island species of Glochidion, as detailed in the paper. If the proposal is accepted then the name of this species will be Phyllanthus velutinus (Wight) Müll.Arg.

+ Synonyms

Bradleia ovata Wall.

Diasperus asperus (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze

Diasperus heyneanus (Wight) Kuntze

Diasperus nepalensis (Müll.Arg.) Kuntze

Diasperus velutinus (Wight) Kuntze

Eriococcus glaucescens Zoll.

Glochidion asperum (Müll.Arg.) Bedd.

Glochidion heyneanum (Wight & Arn.) Wight.

Glochidion nepalense (Müll.Arg.) Kurz

Gynoon heyneanum Wight & Arn.

Phyllanthus asperus Müll.Arg.

Phyllanthus heyneanus (Wight) Müll.Arg.

Phyllanthus nepalensis Müll.Arg.

Phyllanthus velutinus (Wight) Müll.Arg.

Common Name:

Glochidion velutinum
Drawing of the leaves, fruit and seed
Photograph by: Flora of Pakistan
Creative Commons License

General Information

Glochidion velutinum is an evergreen shrub or a tree that can grow 6 - 10 metres tall[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].
The plant is harvested from the wild as a local source of tannins and wood.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References

266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.

Range

E. Asia - China, Pakistan, India, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam.

Habitat

Open deciduous forests at elevations up to 2,500 metres[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
,
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Properties

Other Uses Rating *  *
HabitEvergreen Tree
Height8.00 m
PollinatorsMoths
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



This species is noteworthy for its pollination mechanism, which involves a symbiotic relationship with moths of the genus Epicephala. This closely parallels that found in Yucca species[
266
Title
Flora of China
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://flora.huh.harvard.edu/china/
Publisher
Missouri Botanical Garden Press; St. Louis.
Year
1994
ISBN
 
Description
An excellent, comprehensive resource in 25 volumes. In addition to the botanical information the flora also gives basic information on habitat and some uses. An on-line version is also available.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

None known

Other Uses

The bark is a source of tannins[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

The wood is red, darkening to dark red when seasoned. It is hard with a nice silver grain. The wood is not used other than for fuel[
146
Title
A Manual of Indian Timbers.
Publication
 
Author
Gamble. J. S.
Publisher
Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh
Year
1972
ISBN
-
Description
First written in the 19th century, but still a classic, giving a lot of information on the uses and habitats of Indian trees. Not for the casual reader.
].

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-08-17. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Glochidion+velutinum>

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