This species may be transferred to the genus Phyllanthus. A paper by Warren L. Wagner and David H. Lorence ‘A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion’ PhytoKeys 4:67-94 (2011)[
], has proposed submerging the genera Breynia, Glochidion, Reverchonia, Phyllanthodendron, and Sauropus into a broadened concept of the genus Phyllanthus. This proposal has not yet (2014) been fully accepted, although the ‘World Checklist of Selected Plant Families’ has accepted the name changes of the Pacific Island species of Glochidion, as detailed in the paper. If the proposal is accepted, then the name of this species will be Phyllanthus eriocarpus (Champ. ex Benth.) Müll.Arg.[
Diasperus anamiticus Kuntze
Diasperus eriocarpus (Champ. ex Benth.) Kuntze
Diasperus villicaulis (Hook.f.) Kuntze
Glochidion anamiticum Kuntze
Glochidion annamense Beille
Glochidion esquirolii H.Lév.
Glochidion villicaule Hook.f.
Phyllanthus eriocarpus (Champ. ex Benth.) Müll.Arg.
Glochidion eriocarpum is an erect, many-branched, probably deciduous shrub or a tree that can grow up to 8 metres tall. The bole is up to 10cm in diameter[
The plant is harvested from the wild for local medicinal use.
E. Asia - southern China, Myanmar, Thailand, Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Phillipines
Rare to common in savannah, deciduous (dipterocarp-oak) forest, hill evergreen forest, Pinus forest, open (fire-damaged) clearings, disturbed forest, along streams, roads and in swampy places; at elevations from 100 - 1,700 metres[
The plant grows in the wild on limestone soils and over granite bedrock[
The plant can flower and produce fruit all year round[
This species is noteworthy for its pollination mechanism, which involves a symbiotic relationship with moths of the genus Epicephala. This closely parallels that found in Yucca species[
All parts or roots and leaves are used as medicine for urticaria, mastitis, toothache, menorrhagia, dysentery, skin eczema, enteritis, etc[
The roots and leaves are antipruritic, antispasmodic, astringent and febrifuge[
]. A decoction is used externally in the treatment of allergic reactions (especially to Chinese lacquer from Toxicodendron spp.), arthritis, rheumatism, styes, burns, weeping dermatitis, dysentery, gastroenteritis, haemoptysis and traumatic injuries[
The fresh leaves are crushed and applied topically, or used as a wash in bathes, to treat skin problems, rheumatic joints etc[
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