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Useful Tropical Plants

Breynia cernua

(Poir.) Müll.Arg.

Phyllanthaceae


This species may be transferred to the genus Phyllanthus. A paper by Warren L. Wagner and David H. Lorence ‘A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion’ PhytoKeys 4:67-94 (2011)[
858
Title
A nomenclator of Pacific oceanic island Phyllanthus (Phyllanthaceae), including Glochidion.
Publication
PhytoKeys 4:67-94 (2011)
Author
Wagner W.L.; Lorence D.H.
Website
http://www.phytokeys.com
Publisher
PhytoKeys
Year
2011
ISBN
1314-2003
Description
A proposed revision of the genus Phyllanthus, enlarging the genus by transferring the genera Breynia, Glochidion, Reverchonia, Phyllanthodendron, and Sauropus to it. It can be downloaded from the Internet.
], has proposed submerging the genera Breynia, Glochidion, Reverchonia, Phyllanthodendron, and Sauropus into a broadened concept of the genus Phyllanthus. This proposal has not yet (2014) been fully accepted, although the ‘World Checklist of Selected Plant Families’ has accepted the name changes of the Pacific Island species of Glochidion, as detailed in the paper. No revised form of this name has been seen as yet

+ Synonyms

Breynia rubra (Blume) Müll.Arg.

Breynia rumpens J.J.Sm.

Melanthesa cernua (Poir.) Decne.

Melanthesa rubra Blume

Phyllanthus blumei Steud.

Phyllanthus cernuus Poir.

Phyllanthus ruber Noronha

Common Name:

Breynia cernua
Ripening fruits
Photograph by: eyeweed
Creative Commons License

General Information

Breynia cernua is a shrub or a small tree, usually growing up to 2 metres tall but sometimes reaching up to 7 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].
The plant is sometimes harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine.

Known Hazards

None known

Botanical References


Range

Southeast Asia - Malaysia, Indonesia, Phillipines, New Guinea, northern Australia, Solomon Islands

Habitat

Usually encountered in very disturbed, anthropogenic habitats, and also in coastal vegetation, often on limestone, at elevations up to 450 metres[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Properties

Medicinal Rating *  *
HabitShrub
Height2.00 m
Cultivation StatusWild

Cultivation Details



A very variable species[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Edible Uses

None known

Medicinal

The leaf sap is drunk to soothe coughs[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on any modern research into the plants.
].
The pounded leaves are applied as a poultice on swollen legs. The leaves are heated in salt water and mixed with lime and then rubbed on sores and ulcers[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on any modern research into the plants.
]. A poultice of the hot leaves is applied to relieve body pains[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
,
481
Title
Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea
Publication
 
Author
 
Publisher
World Health Organisation
Year
2009
ISBN
978-92-9061-249-0
Description
Traditional medicinal uses of 126 species from Papua New Guinea, including information on any modern research into the plants.
].
Patients with malaria and diarrhoeal complications are washed with a hot solution of boiled leaves made up of a mixture of plants including Breynia cernua, in order to induce sweating, thereby reducing malarial symptoms[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

An infusion of the bark is used to cure dysentery[
310
Title
Plant Resources of Southeast Asia
Publication
 
Author
 
Website
http://proseanet.org/
Publisher
 
Year
0
ISBN
 
Description
Lots of information on the uses of the plants of SE Asia.
].

Other Uses

None known

Propagation

Seed -
Cite as: Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. tropical.theferns.info. 2019-12-09. <tropical.theferns.info/viewtropical.php?id=Breynia+cernua>

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